SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 19.03.2020 (Shift-2) with detailed Solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 19.03.2020 (Shift-2) with detailed Solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 19.03.2020 (Shift-2)


        Directions (1-2) In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.

1.    Cats cannot be blamed for its behavior to their masters as they are tamed so.

        (a) for its behavior   (b) to their masters

        (c) as they are tamed so          (d) Cats cannot be blamed

2.    Some of the issues discussed on the media nowadays has no relevance to the nation-building process.

        (a) to the nation-building process

        (b) has no relevance

        (c) on the media nowadays

        (d) Some of the issues discussed

        Directions (3-4) Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select ‘No improvement’.

3.    She is tender-hearted by nature and I have found her eyes moist many a times over the sad face of any children.

        (a) so many a times (b) many time

        (c) No improvement                  (d) many a time

4.    The selection to the police department raised him as high to a kite.

        (a) as high as                                 (b) No improvement

        (c) so high to                                 (d) so high so

        Directions (5-6) Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.

5.    Children need special care and ________________ from the side of their parents for making them emotionally strong.

        (a) suspicion                                 (b) attention

        (c) reflection                                  (d) compromise

6.    Unnecessary suspicion and lack of trust against the others are caused by ______________.

        (a) prejudice                                  (b) contentment

        (c) impartiality           (d) empathy

7.    Nakul asked her, “How do you know that Rahul has told it to him?”

        (a) Nakul asked her how she knew that Rahul had told that to him.

        (b) Nakul asked her that how she has known that Rahul has told that to him.

        (c) Nakul asked her how she knew that Rahul has told that to him.

        (d) Nakul asked her that how she knows that Rahul had told that to him.

8.    Select the correct passive form of the given sentence.

        This android can perform all the programmes perfectly well.

        (a) All the programmes can be performed perfectly well by this android.

        (b) All the programmes could have been performed perfectly well by this android.

        (c) All the programmes can have been performed perfectly well by this android.

        (d) All the programmes could be performed perfectly well by this android.

9.    Directions (9-10) Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

        Reinventing the wheel

        (a) Disturbing the system which has already been in use

        (b) Wasting one’s time for things that have already been satisfactorily done

        (c) Analysing various factors of happenings

        (d) Examing circumstances that have already been understood.

10. Falling head over heels

        (a) Falling deeply in love with someone

        (b) Feeling deep sympathy to the needy

        (c) Fixing models without proper analysis

        (d) Finding fault with others

        Directions (11-12) Select the word which means the same as the group of words given.

11. A person living in the same age with another

        (a) Partner                                      (b) Collaborator

        (c) Contemporary     (d) Confidant

12. A situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable alternatives or confusions.

        (a) Sophistication     (b) Instability

        (c) Dilemma                                   (d) Complication

        Directions (13-14) Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.


        (a) Damage                                     (b) Decorate

        (c) Appease                                    (d) Heighten


        (a) Tiresome                                 (b) Tedious

        (c) Refreshing             (d) Exasperating

        Directions (15-16) Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

15. TAME

        (a) Upset                        (b) Restrain

        (c) Sanctify                                     (d) Control


        (a) Strengthen            (b) Quarrel

        (c) Impute                                       (d) Concede

        Directions (17-18) Select the wrongly spelt word.

17. (a) Scrutinize                                (b) Sympathize

        (c) Compromize         (d) Colonize

18. (a) Tolerate                                    (b) Temperate    

        (c) Accomodate         (d) Promulgate

        Directions (19-20) Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options pick the one that gives their correct order.

19. A. He was on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

        B. The villagers were kind though doubtful.

        C. They offered him some food to eat and a room to stay.

        D. One night, he took rest in a village unfamiliar on the way.

        (a) DCAB   (b) CDBA (c) ADBC                    (d) CADB

20. Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given option pick the one that gives their correct order.

        A. The driver had a cloudy look and drove off without taking him.

        B. He asked a taxi driver to take him to the shopping mall.

        C. He told the driver that he could pay the fare by card, not in cash. 

        D. He arrived on the outskirts of a city.

        (a) DBCA   (b) ACDB (c) DCAB     (d) CDBA         

        Direction (21-25) In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternative given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

        Forest fire always _____ (21)_____ by one of two reasons – naturally caused or human-caused. Natural fire is generally _____ (22)_____ by lightning, with a very small percentage _____ (23)_____ by spontaneous combustion of dry fuel such as sawdust and leaves. _____ (24)_____, human-caused fire can happen _____ (25)_____ any number of reasons.

21. (a) takes up                                    (b) happens         

        (c) causes                      (d) creates

22. (a) caused                                       (b) reasoned       

        (c) begun                       (d) troubled

23. (a) achieved                                   (b) gathered        

        (c) contributed           (d) attained

24. (a) Consequently       (b) At the outset

        (c) Unless                      (d) On the other hand

25. (a) due to                       (b) since

        (c) hence forth            (d) because



1.    (a) ‘their’ in place of ‘its’

        Subject ‘cats’ plural gS vr% buds behaviour ds fy, Hkh plural adjective ‘their’ dk gh use gksxkA

2.    (b) ‘have’ in place of ‘has’

        Subject verb agreement ls ;fn subject singular gS rks verb singular use gksrh gS ,oa ;fn subject plural gS rks verb plural use gksrh gSA

        Eg. The boys walk to school every day.

3.    (c) No improvement

4.    (a) as high as

        Option (b) as high to, (c) so high to rFkk (d) so high so. rhuksa grammatically incorrect gSaA D;ksafd ,sls dksbZ structure gh ugha gksrs gSaA

        vr% option (a) as high as correct answer gSA

    D;ksafd ;gka mldh Å¡pkbZ@izxfr dks ‘kite’ dh Å¡pkbZ ds leku crk;k gSaA

    Grammar Point:

        as + adj./adv. + as/so + adj./adv. + as dk structure gksrk gS tks similarity crkus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA

    So + adj./adv. + as dk use dsoy negative sentence esa gksrk gSA tcfd as + adj./adv. + as dk use Negative rFkk affirmative nksuksa izdkj ds sentences esa gksrk gSA

   Eg. She is not as/so intelligent as her father.

        She is as powerful as a warrior.

        Note: ;gka adj./adverb dh ges’kk positive degree vkrh gSA

5.    (b) attention

        ;gka care rFkk Blank space dks ‘and’ conjunction ls tksM+k x;k gSA

        ‘And’ ,d co-ordinating conjunction gS ftlls nks same things ¼grammar rFkk importance ds n`f"Vdks.k ls½ dks connect fd;k tkrk gSA vr% ;gka care ls closely-linked word vk,xkA

        Eg. Do it slowly and carefully.

        Care and attention dk collocation gksxkA

    vr% option (b) Attention correct answer gSA

   Attention (N) : the act of listening to, looking at or thinking about something/somebody carefully, interest that people show in somebody/something. ¼/;ku] [kkl ns[kjs[k½

   Eg. Please pay close attention (= listen carefully) to what I am saying.


        Full/rapt/undivided attention:


        Attract/draw/catch/bring to/call/come to attention.

        Attention to detail

        Turn your attention

        Media attention

        The centre of attention

        Attention spam

        Care and attention

        Option (a) suspicion factually wrong gSA

   Suspicion (N) : A feeling that somebody has done something wrong, illegal or dishonest, even though you have no proof. ¼lnsg½

   Eg. The drove away slowly to avoid arousing suspicion.


        On suspicion of something-

        Eg. He was arrested on suspicion of murder.

        Suspicion that-

        Eg. I have a sneaking suspicion that she’s not telling the truth.


        Strong/considerable/deep suspicion

        Degree/level of suspicion

        Suspicion + arise/exist/liner

        The finger of suspicion (Phrases)

        Grounds for suspicion (Phrases)

        An object of suspicion (Phrases)

        Option (c) reflection red-herring rFkk (d) compromise irrelevant gSA

   Reflection (N) : careful thought about something, sometimes over a long period of time. ¼/;ku] lksp] fopkj½

   Eg. A week off would give him time for reflection.


        On reflection -

        Eg. She decided on reflection to accept his offer after all.

        Compromise (N) : An agreement made between two people or groups in which each side gives up some of the things they want so that both sides are happy at the end. ¼le>kSrk½

   Eg. After lengthy talks the two sides finally reached a compromise.


        Reach/make/agree on/arrive at/come to compromise.

        A compromise solution/agreement/candidate compromise deal/formula.

6.    (a) prejudice

        ;gka sentence esa unnecessary suspicion rFkk lack of trust dk dkj.k crk;k tk jgk gSA

        vr% option (a) prejudice correct answer gSA

   Prejudice (N) : An unreasonable dislike of or preference for a person, group, custom, etc., especially when it is based on their race, religion, sex, etc. ¼i{kikr] iwoZ/kkj.kk½

   Eg. Their decision was based on ignorance and prejudice.


        Prejudice against somebody/something-

        Eg. There is little prejudice against workers from other EU states.

        Prejudice in favour of somebody/something-

        Eg. I must admit to a prejudice in favour of British universities.


        Deep/deep-rooted/deep-seated prejudice

        have/hold/air prejudice racial prejudice.

        Contentment (N): a feeling of being happy or satisfied. (larqf"V)

        Eg. He has found contentment at last.

        Impartiality (N) : the fact of not supporting one person or group more than another. (fu"i{krk)

        Eg. political/judicial impartiality

        Empathy (N) : the ability to understand another person’s feelings, experience, etc. (lgkuqHkwfr)

        Eg. empathy (with somebody/something) the writer’s imaginative empathy with his subject

        empathy (for somebody/something) empathy for other people’s situations

        empathy (between A and B) The empathy between the two women was obvious.

7.    (a)

        (a) Nakul asked her how she knew that Rahul had told that to him.

        (b) Nakul asked her that how she has known that Rahul has told that to him. (wrong use of tense)

        (c) Nakul asked her how she knew that Rahul has told that to him. (tense hasn’t been changed)

        (d) Nakul asked her that how she knows that Rahul had told that to him. (wrong use of tense)

        vr% option (a) correct answer gSaA

8.    (a) All the programmes can be performed perfectly well by this android.

    fn;k x;k sentence modal tense es gSA ftls active/passive es change djus ds rule fuEu gS&

    Active – Subject + can + V1st + Object

        Passive – Object + can + be + V3rd + by + subject

9.    (b) Wasting one’s time for thing that have already been satisfactorily done.

   Reinventing the wheel : to waste time trying to create something that someone else has already created. (ml dke ij le; cckZn djuk tks igys ls fd;k tk pqdk gSA)

        Eg. The first bit of advice is don’t reinvent the wheel.

10. (a) Falling deeply in love with someone

        Falling hard over heels : to be completely enamored of someone typically or new romantic partner. ¼I;kj esa iwjh rjg fxjuk½

   Eg. Oh I know he’s fallen head over heels in love with cristina-he won’t stop gushing about her.

11. (c) Contemporary

        Contemporary (Adj.) : living or occurring at the same time


   Eg. The event was recorded by a contemporary historian.

        Partner (N) : a person that you are doing an activity with, such as dancing or playing a game .¼fookfgr&thou dk laxh ;k lkFkh½

        Eg. The teacher asked the students to choose a partner for the next activity.

        Collaborator (N) : A person who works jointly on an activity or project; an associate. ¼lg;ksxh½

   Eg. His collaborator on the book.

   Confidant (N) : A person who you trust and with whom you talk about private or secret things. ¼Hkjksls ean ;k fo’olr vkneh½

   Eg. A close confident of the princess.

12. (c) Dilemma

        Dilemma (N) : A situation in which you have to make a difficult choice between two or more things.¼nqfo/kk] vlaetl½

   Eg. The dilemma of choice between chaos and injustice is perhaps very real.

        Sophistication (N) : The quality of being sophisticated ¼fo’ks"kKrk½

   Eg. Her air of sophistication and confidence.

        Complication (N) : A circumstance that complicates something. ¼my>u½

   Eg. There is complication concerning ownership of the site.

        Instability (N) : the state of being unstable look of stability


   Eg. Political and economic instability.

13. (a) Damage

        Tarnish (V) : to become or to make something lass bright and shiny ¼ped ?kV tkuk½

   Eg. Silver tarnishes too easily.

        Damage (N) : harm or injury caused when something is broken or spoiled ¼fdlh pht ds VwVus ls gksus okyh {kfr½

   Eg. The accident caused no permanent damage.

        Decorate (V) : to add something ignored to make a thing a more attractive to look at ¼ltkuk½

   Eg. Decorate to cake with cherries and nut.

        Appease (V) : pacify or placate (someone) by acceding to their demands ¼larq"V djuk½

   Eg. Amendment have been added to appease local pressure groups.

        Heighten (Adj.) : to became or to make something greater or stronger. ¼vf/kd cM+k l’kDr gksuk½

   Eg. Concern over CFCs has heightened.

14. (c) refreshing

   Pleasant (Adj.) : nice enjoyable or friendly ¼vuqdqy½

   Eg. A very pleasant evening.

        Refreshing (Adj.) : serving to refresh or reinvigorate someone

        ¼rktk djuk½ ¼izQqfyr vuqHko djuk½

   Eg. It’s refreshing to meet someone who is so dedicated to their work.

        Tiresome (Adj.) : that makes you angry or bored. ¼fj>kÅ ;k ÅckŽ

   Eg. Wedding is a tiresome but essential job.

        Tedious (Adj.) : boring and lasting for a long time. ¼ÅckÅ vkSj le; ds vuqlkj yEck½

   Eg. A tedious journey.

        Exasperating (Adj.) : intensely irritating and frustrating. ¼Øks/k tud] vkos’kdj½

   Eg. They suffered a number of exasperating setbacks.

15. (a) upset

        Tame (V) : to make an animal, bird, etc. not afraid of people and used to living with them ¼ikyuk½

   Eg. The fish are so tame you have to push them away.

        Upset (V) : to make somebody/yourself feel unhappy, anxious or annoyed ¼nq[kh djuk] nq[kh gksuk½

   Eg. The accusation upset her.     

        Restrain (V) : to keep somebody something under control. ¼O;fDr@oLrq dks fu;a=.k djuk½

   Eg. The need to restrain public expenditure.

        Sanctify (V) : to make something pure or holy. ¼fdlh pht dks 'kq) vkSj ifo= cukuk½

   Eg. Sanctified by tradition.

        Control (N) : The power to make decision about how a country, an area, an organisation, etc. ¼fdlh oLrq ;k oLrq ij fu;a=.k½

   Eg. the situation was slipping out her control.

16. (d) Concede

        Concede (V) : to admit that something is truth although you do not want to ¼fdlh lpkbZ dks u pkgrs gq, Hkh eku ysuk½

        Eg. I had to concede that I’d overreacted.

        Dispute (V) : A disagreement or argument ¼rdZ djuk½

        Eg. a territorial dispute between the two countries.

        Strengthen (V) : to become stronger or to make something stronger ¼l’kDr ;k rkdroj cukuk½

   Eg. Exercises to strengthen your muscles.

        Quarrel (V) : an angry argument or disagreement. ¼>xM+k@fookn½

   Eg. She made the mistake of picking a quarrel with John.

        Impute (V) : denounce ¼vkjksi yxkuk½

   Eg. Recovering the initial outlay plus imputed interest.

17. (c) Compromize

        Correct spelling - Compromise

        Compromise (N) : An agreement in an argument in which the people involved reduce their demands or people involved reduce their demands or charge their opinion in order to agree.


   Eg. It is hoped that a compromise will be reached in today’s talks.

        Scrutinize (V) : to examine something very carefully in order to discover information ¼tkapuk] ifj{k.k djuk½

   Eg. He scrutinized the men’s faces carefully/closely, trying to work out who was lying.

        Sympathize (V) : to understand and care about someone’s problems. ¼lgkuqHkwfr½

   Eg. I know what it’s like to have migraines, so really symathize (with you).

        Colonize (V) : to send people to live in and govern another country. ¼mifuos’k cukuk½

        Eg. Peru was colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century.

18. (c) Accomodate

        Correct spelling – Accommodate

        Accommodate (V) : to have enough space for somebody/ something, especially for a certain number of people.

        ¼,d fo’ks"k la[;k esa yksxksa ds cSBus ;k Bgjus dh O;oLFkk½

   Eg. The cottages accommodate up to six people.

        Tolerate (V) : To allow or accept something that you do not like ior agree with ¼lgu djuk½

   Eg. A regime unwilling to tolerate dissent.

        Temperate (Adj.) : how hot or cold something is ¼rkieku½

   Eg. At a temperature of 2°C.

        Promulgate (v) : to announce a new law or system officially or publicly ¼?kks"k.kk djuk½

   Eg. The new constitution was promulgated in 2006 .

19. (c) ADBC

        ‘B’ esa ‘The villagers’ vk;k gS rFkk ‘C’ esa muds (Villagers) fy, ‘They’ pronoun vk;k gSA vr% BC esa Neon link gSaA Only option (c) ADBC esa gSA


        ‘A’ esa subject (He) dh Jerusalem dh pilgrimage dks introduce fd;k x;k gSA ftl ij ckfd lHkh arguments based gSaA vr% sequence ‘A’ ls start gksxhA Only option (c) ADBC gh A ls start gSA

20. (a) DBCA

        ‘B’ esa og ,d taxi driver ls shopping mall rd ys tkus ds fy, dgrk gSA ‘C’ esa taxi driver ds fy, ‘the driver’ vk;k gSA vr% B and C es driver common factor gSA vr% BC Neon-link gSaA Only option (a) DBCA esa gSA

21. ;gka forest fire dh ckr gks jgh gS rFkk vkxs blds nks reason fn, gSA vr% option (b) happens most suitable answer gSA

   Happen (V) : to take place, especially without being planned.

        ¼?kfVr gksuk½

   Eg. Accidents like this happen all the time.


        Actually/really/just happen

        Be going to/be likely to/be bound to happen

        Accidents/incidences/events/things happen

        No matter what happens

        Whatever happens

        Option (a) takes up irrelevant gSA

   Take-up (Phrasal Verb) : to continue, especially starting after somebody/something else has finished ¼’kq: djuk] gkFk esa ysuk½

   Eg. The band’s new album takes up where their last one left off.

        Option (c) causes o (d) creates factually wrong + red-herring gSA

   Cause (V) : to make something happen, especially something bad or unpleasant; to make somebody do something. ¼dkj.k gksuk½


        Cause something-

        Eg. Doctors say her condition is causing some concern.

        Cause something for somebody/something-

        Eg. The drought is causing problems for many farmers.

        Cause something to something/somebody-

        Eg. The earthquake caused widespread damage to property.

        Cause somebody something-

        Eg. The project is still causing him a lot of problems.

        Cause something/somebody to do something-

        Eg. The poor harvest caused prices to rise sharply.

        The bad weather is likely to cause people to story away.


        Cause problems/damage

        Create (V) : to make something happens or exist.¼cukuk] mRiUu djuk½

   Eg. Scientists disagree about how the universe was created.

        Note: D;ksafd forest fire dk dkj.k crk;k tk jgk gS uk fd forest fire ds dkj.k D;k gksrk gS\

22. backward reading ls] Naturally caused vk;k gSA

        rFkk ;gka Subject Natural fire gS blfy, option (a) caused correct answer gSA

    Cause : dkj.k cuuk] dkj.k gksuk

    Option (b) Reasoned irrelevant gSA

   Reason (V) : to try to understand and to make judgement based on practically facts. ¼lksp&fopkj djuk] ifj.kke fudkyuk½

   Eg. I spent hours reasoning out the solution to the puzzle.

        Option (c) begun red-herring gS rFkk option (d) troubled factually wrong gSA

   Begin (V) : to start to happen or exist ¼'kq: gksuk½

   Eg. The meeting began promisingly, but then things started to go wrong.

        Trouble (V) : to make somebody worried or upset; to interrupt somebody because you want to ask them something. ¼d"V nsu] ijs’kku djuk½

   Eg. This latest news troubled him deeply.

        Sorry to trouble you, but could you tell me the time?

23. ;gka Natural fire dh ckr gks jgh gS rFkk vkxs spontaneous combustion of dry fuel vk;k gSA

        vr% option (c) contributed correct answer gSA

   Contribute (V) : to be one of the causes of something.

        Eg. Human error may have been a contributing factor.


        Contribute to something-

        Eg. Investment in transport contributes to overall economic growth.

        Option (a) Achieved o option (d) attained red-herring gSA

   Achieve (V) : to succeed in doing something or causing something to happen. ¼izkIr djuk] lQy gksuk½

   Eg. All you’ve achieved is to upset my parents.

        Attain (V) : to reach a particular age, level or condition. ¼izkIr djuk] fl) djuk½

   Eg. The cheetah can attain speeds of up to 97 kph.

        Option (b) gathered irrelevant gSaA

   Gather (V) : to come together, or bring people together, in one place to form a group. ¼bdV~Bk djuk@gksuk½

   Eg. A crowed soon gathered.


        Gather + adv./prep.-

        Eg. His supporters gathered in the main square.

        be gathered + adv./prep.-

        Eg. They were all gathered round the TV.

24. Backward reading ls] nks reason - naturally caused rFkk human caused dk ftØ gqvk gSA tks fd ,d&nwljs ds opposite gSA

    igys Natural fire dh ckr gqbZ Fkh rFkk vc human caused fire dh ckr gks jgh gSA vr% option (d) On the other hand correct answer gSA

    ‘On the other hand’ ,d phrase gS tks nks contrasting points esa ls second dks introduce djus ds fy, use gksrh gSA

   Eg. My husband likes classical music – I, on the other hand, like all kinds.

        Consequently (Adv.) : as a result ¼ifj.kkeLo:i½

   Eg. All the shops were closed, and consequently we couldn’t buy any food.

        At/from the outset (of something)-

        At/from the beginning of something ¼vkjEHk essa½

   Eg. I made it clear right from the outset that I disapproved.

        You should have made that clear right at the outset.

        Unless fdlh thing ds fy, ‘condition’ crkus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA

   Eg. You won’t get pair for time off unless you have a doctor’s note.

25. ;gka passage crkuk pkg jgk gS fd Human caused fire dbZ dkj.kksa ls gks ldrh gSA ;gka group of words dks tksM+k x;k gS ftlds fy, preposition dk use gksrk gSA vr% option (a) due to correct answer gSA

   Due to : because of ¼ds dkj.k½

   Eg. A lot of her unhappiness is due to boredom.

        Option (b) since rFkk option (d) because conjunction gSA

    vr% grammatically incorrect gSaA

    Conjunction dk use nks clauses dks connect djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSaA

   Eg. I haven’t seen him since he left college.

        I am very hungry because I have not eaten anything since morning.

        Option (c) hence forth irrelevant gSA

   Hence forth (Adj.) : starting from a particular ¼bl le; ls] blds ckn ls½

   Eg. Friday 31 July, 1925 hence forth became known as ‘Red-Friday’.