SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 18.03.2020 (Shift-3) with detailed solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 18.03.2020 (Shift-3) with detailed solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 18.03.2020 (Shift-3)


         Direction (1-2) In the sentence identify the segment which contains the grammatical error.

1.     The simplest way to get proper recognition are through doing things with dedication and sincerity.

         (a) with dictation and sincerity

         (b) to get proper recognition

         (c) are through doing things

         (d) The simplest way

2.     The man with a lost eye have been accused for murder of two girls in his neighbourhood.

         (a) The man with a lost eye 

         (b) in his neighbourhood

         (c) have been accused for

         (d) murder of two girls

         Direction (3-4) Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence. If there is no need to substitute it, select ‘No improvement’.

3.     Lot of times she advised him for not being lazy for completing such a tough task.

         (a) A lot of times      (b) Much of time

         (c) No improvement                (d) A lot of time

4.     As long as they are here, Hari won’t attend the training.

         (a) So long so                               (b) So far as

         (c) As long that         (d) No improvement

         Direction (5-6) Select the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.

5.     Success is the ______ of taking risks, everybody knows.

         (a) tension                                    (b) by-product   

         (c) pressure                                  (d) burden

6.     People readily accept any ______ of their leaders if supported by the media.

         (a) dispute                                    (b) argument

         (c) concession           (d) compromise

7.     Select the correct indirect form of the given sentence.

         The storekeeper asked the security, "Did you see the torch I kept here?"

         (a) The storekeeper asked the security whether he saw the torch he had kept there.

         (b) The storekeeper asked the security if he saw the torch he kept there.

         (c) The storekeeper asked the security whether he had seen the torch he had kept there.

         (d) The storekeeper asked the security if had he seen the torch he kept there.

8.     Select the correct passive form of the given sentence.

         Sheetal might have misplaced Mohan’s wallet in their rush.

         (a) Mohan’s wallet may be misplaced by Sheetal in their rush.

         (b) Mohan’s wallet may have been misplaced by Sheetal in their rush.

         (c) Mohan’s wallet might have been misplaced by Sheetal in their rush.

         (d) Mohan’s wallet might be misplaced by Sheetal in their rush.
Direction (9-10) Select the most appropriate meaning of the given idiom.

9.     Cut to the chase

         (a) Talking about the important point and leaving out the detail

         (b) Sleeping long hours and spoiling the health

         (c) Stopping unexpectedly and missing the chase

         (d) Cutting long pieces and spoiling the dish cooked

10.   Keep a civil tongue

         (a) Speak with great politeness

         (b) Express dissent mildly

         (c) Argue with soft words

         (d) Maintain silence when needed

         Direction (11-12) Select the word which means the same as the group of words given.

11.   A person who speaks always in praise of himself

         (a) Evangelist                              (b) Egotist

         (c) Nationalist           (d) Conventionalist

12.   Painless death given to patients to relieve suffering.

         (a) Euphemism         (b) Euphorbia

         (c) Euphoria                                 (d) Euthanasia

         Direction (13-14)Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.


         (a) Lucid                       (b) Compatible

         (c) Unintelligible      (d) Equivocal


         (a) Stagnate                (b) Kindle  (c) Imbibe       (d) Instill

         Direction (15-16) Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

15.   CLOUDY

         (a) Transparent        (b) Indefinite

         (c) Vague                      (d) Murky


         (a) Appease                                  (b) Enrage

         (c) Propitiate                               (d) Conciliate

         Direction (17-18) Select the wrongly spelt word.

17.   (a) Envioronment   (b) Solvent

         (c) Residual                                  (d) Pollutant

18.   (a) Telepathy                               (b) Homoepathy

         (c) Allopathy                                (d) Naturopathy

         Direction (19-20) Given below are four jumbled sentences. Out of the given options select the one that gives their correct order.

         A. When Franco was young; he would stay at sea all night.

         B. Every morning, he would arrive with a big catch of fresh fish and sell it in the market.

         C. Franco was a fisherman who lived on the beach.

         D. He had been fishing for as long as he could remember.

         (a) CDAB (b) CBDA (c) DCAB     (d) CDBA

20.   A. Though John found none, he was not ready to give in.

         B. He continued the search till noon.

         C. John wanted to have a big well dug.

         D. He searched around for workers who would do the job for him without pay.

         (a) CDAB (b) DCAB (c) CADB     (d) CDBA

         Direction (21-25):- In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

         Everyone wants to be happy. I also want to be happy (1)______ that's when I am at my best. I know that happiness comes from (2)______ me, not from outside. The (3)______ tools I will have to learn to use here will only work if I understand that I’m in (4)______ of my thoughts, actions and emotions and if I’m willing to do some simple exercises on a (5)______ basis.

21.   Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 1.

         (a) unless                                       (b) because          

         (c) nevertheless       (d) until

22.   Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 2.

         (a) within                    (b) around (c) for  (d) on

23.   Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 3.

         (a) stable                      (b) effortless          

         (c) powerful                                 (d) affective

24.   Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 4.

         (a) charge                    (b) frame    (c) custody      (d) structure

25.   Select the most appropriate option for blank No. 5.

         (a) stimulant                                (b) temporary

         (c) legal                         (d) regular



1.     (c) ‘is’ in place of ‘are’

     Subject ‘way’ singular gS vr% blds lkFk singular verb vk,xhA

2.     (c) ‘has’ in place of ‘have’

         Subject ‘The man’ singular gS blfy, ;gka singular verb vk,xhA

3.     (a) A lot of times

          lots of/a lot of dk structure gksrk gSA

         vr% option  (a) A lot of times correct answer gSA

     Grammar point:

         Much/many/a lot of, lots of

         Many dk use dsoy countable nouns ds lkFk gksrk gS mainly questions and negative sentences esaA

     Eg. How many people come to the meeting?

         I don’t go to many concerts.

         bldk use too, so, as ds lkFk Hkh gksrk gSA

     Eg. You made too many mistakes.

         gkykafd statements esa ughaA

     Statements esa a lot (of)/lots (of) T;knk common gSA

     Eg. I go to a lot of concerts.

         “How many shows did you see?” ‘lots!’

         A lot (of)/lots (of) dk use measurement of time or distance ds lkFk ugha gksrk gSA

         Eg. I stayed in England for many/quite a few weeks. (ü)

         I stayed in England a lot of weeks. (û)

         tc a lot (of)/ lots (of) ‘many’ ds vFkZ esa use gksrk gS rks plural verb ysrk gSA

     Eg. Lots of people like Italian food.

         ‘Plenty of’ dk use Hkh ‘many’ ds vFkZ esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA

     Eg. Plenty of stores stay open late.

         Much dk use dsoy uncountable nouns ds lkFk gksrk gSA Mainly questions rFkk Negative sentence esaA

     Eg. Do you have much free time?

         I don’t have much free time.

         How much experience have you had?

         ckfd lHkh options grammatically incorrect gSaA

4.     (d) No improvement

5.     (b) by product

         Success dh ckr gks jgh gS blfy, ;gka dksbZ positive sense okyk word vk,xkA

         vr% option (b) by product correct answer gSA

     By product (N) – A thing that happens, often unexpectedly, as the result of something else. ¼xkS.k mRikn] mi mRikn½

     Eg. One of the byproducts of unemployment is an increase in crime.

         Option (a) tension ¼ruko½] (c) pressure ¼ncko½ rFkk (d) burden ¼cks>½ factually wrong gSA

6.     (b) Argument

         ;gka yksxksa }kjk ‘leaders’ ds ckjs esa acceptance dh ckr gks jgh gS ;fn media mudk support djsaA

         vr% option (b) Argument most suitable answer gSA

     Argument (N) – A reason or set of reasons that somebody uses to show that something is true or correct. ¼rdZ] nyhy½

     Eg. Her main argument was a moral one.

         Structure :

         • Argument for/against something—

         Eg. There are strong arguments against euthanasia.

         • Arguments in favour of something—

         Eg. What are the arguments in favour of change?

         Collocations :

         Basic/general/central argument

         Advance/deploy/make argument

         A strong/convincing/compelling argument

         To advance/present an argument

         Option (a) dispute o (d) compromise ¼le>kSrk½ irrelevant gSA

     Dispute (N) – An argument between two people, groups or countries, discussion about a subject on which people disagree. ¼erHksn½

     Structure :

         • Dispute between A and B—

         Eg. A dispute between the two countries about the border.

         • Dispute over/about something—

         Eg. The latest dispute over fishing rights.

         • In dispute with somebody/something

         Eg. The union is in dispute with management over working hours.

         • In/under dispute—

         Eg. The cause of the accident was still in dispute.

         • Beyond dispute—

         Eg. The matter was settled beyond dispute by the court judgment.

         • Open dispute—

         Eg. His theories are open to dispute. (= can be disagreed with)

         Collocations :

         Considerable/major/serious dispute

         Cause/lead to/provoke dispute

         Dispute arise/begin/erupt

         Option (c) concession red-herring gSA

     Concession (N) – something that you allow or do, or allow somebody to have, in order to end an argument or to make a situation less difficult. ¼vuqnku] fj;k;r] Lohd`fr½

     Eg. The firm will be forced to make a concession less difficult

7.     (c)

         (a) The storekeeper asked the security whether he saw the torch he had kept there.(Wrong use of reporting verb)

         (b) The storekeeper asked the security if he saw the torch he kept there.( Wrong use of reporting verb)

         (c) The storekeeper asked the security whether he had seen the torch he had kept there.

         (d) The storekeeper asked the security if had he seen the torch he kept there.(Wrong use of tense)

8.     (c) Mohan’s wallet might have been misplaced by Sheetal in their rush.

          fn;k x;k sentence ‘model perfect’ form esa gSA

         bldk active/passive formation—

     Active – Subject + model + have + V3rd + object

         Passive – Object + model + have + been + V3rd + by + Subject

         vr% option (c) correct answer gSA

9.     (a) Talking about the important point and leaving out the detail

         Cut to the chase – to talk about or deal with the important part of a subject and not was time with things that are not important.

     Eg. I didn’t have long to talk so I cut to the chase and asked whether he was still married.

10.  (a) Speak with great politeness

         Keep a civil tongue – to speak kindly and politely to refrain from using harsh, incident, or rude language.

     Eg. I’ll thank you to keep a civil tongue in your head.

11.  (b) Egotist

         Egotist (N)- a person who thinks that they are better than other people and who thinks and talks too much about themselves¼?ke.Mh O;fDr½

     Eg. You need to be an egotist to succeed in politics.

         Nationalist (N) A person who wants his/her country or region to become independent ¼Lora=rk] ØkfUrdkjh½

     Eg.Two extreme nationalist parties took the rest.

         Evangelist (N) a person who tries to persuade people to become Christians, especially by travelling around the country holding religious meetings or speaking on radio or television. (ईसाई मत प्रचारक)

         Eg. An American television evangelist.

         Conventionalist (N) Based on or in accordance with agreement use ¼fu;[email protected];e ls pyuk½

     Eg. She's very conventional in her views.

12.  (d) Euthanasia

         Euthanasia (N) – the act of killing someone painlessly ¼bPNke`R;q½

         Eg. Euthanasia is controversial issue in the medical ethics.

         Euphorbia (N) A plant of a genus that comprises the spurges. ¼nqf/k;k ikS/kk½

         Eg. In common with the euphorbia, this sedum is also useful in the garden all year round.

         Euphoria (N) an extremely strong feeling of happiness and excitement that usually lasts only a short time ¼उत्साह½

         Eg. Euphoria soon gave way to despair.

         Euphemism (N) –  an indirect word or phrase that people often use to refer to something embarrassing or unpleasant, sometimes to make it seem more acceptable than it really is¼eaxyHkkf"k ½

         Eg. ‘User fees’ is just a politician's euphemism for taxes.

13.  (a) Lucid

         Lucid (adj.) not confused; clear and normal (Li"V)

     Eg. Lucid explanations have been most helpful to my understanding.

         Explicit (adj.) not hiding anything ¼Li"V½

     Eg. The arrangement had not been made explicit.

         Unintelligible (adj.) impossible to understand (अबोधगम्य)

     Eg. Dolphin sounds are unintelligible to humans.

         Compatible (adj.) (of machines, especially computers, or software) able to be used together ¼vuqdwy½

     Eg. The new system will be compatible with existing equipment.

         Equivocal (adj.)able to be understood in more than one way. ¼संदिग्धार्थ½

     Eg. Women were less equivocal than men on the subject of fidelity in marriage.

14.  (b) Kindle

         Kindle (V) – something start to burn ¼tykuk½

         Eg. Women were less equivocal than men on the subject of fidelity in marriage.

         Instigate (V) to make something start to happen ¼HkM+dkuk½

     Eg. They instigated a reign of terror.

         Stagnate (V) to stop developing or making progress(निष्क्रिय होना)     

         Eg. My music career had stagnated.

         Instill (V) to make somebody think or feat something. ¼f’k{kk nsuk½

     Eg. The standards her parents had instilled into her.

         Imbibe (V) to drink something, especially alcohol ¼fo’ks"k eknd is;½

     Eg. Have you been imbibing again?

15.  (a) Transparent

         Transparent (adj.) – you can see through, it very clearly ¼ikjn’khZ½

         Eg. Glass is transparent.

         Cloudy (adj.) – full of clouds ¼cknyksa ls <+dk gqvk½

         Eg. The sky is usually cloudy .

         Indefinite (adj.) not fixed ¼vfuf’pr½

     Eg. they may face indefinite detention.

         Vague (adj.) not clear ¼vLi"V½

     Eg. Many patients suffer vague symptoms.

         Murky (adj.) not clear; dark or dirty with mud or another substance ¼ गंदा, धुंधला ½

     Eg. The water in the river looked very murky.

16.  (b) Enrage

         Enrage (V) – to make somebody very angry. ¼xqLlk fnykuk½

         Eg. The student ware enraged at these new rules.

         Placate (V) to make somebody feel less angry about something ¼’kkar djuk½

     Eg. They attempted to placate the students with promise.

         Appease (V) to make somebody calmer or less angry by giving them what they want. ¼larq"V djuk½

     Eg. Amendments have been added to appease local pressure groups.

         Propitiate (V) to stop somebody from being angry by trying to please them      ¼राज़ी करना½

     Eg. Sacrifices were made to propitiate the gods.

         Conciliate – to make somebody less angry or more friendly, especially by being kind and pleasant or by giving them something           ¼सन्तुष्ट करना½

     Eg. Concessions were made to conciliate the peasantry.

17.  (a) Envirronment

         Correct spelling – Environment

         Environment (N) – the natural world in which people, animals and plants live (वातावरण)

     Eg. The government should do more to protect the environment.

         Residual (adj.) left at the end of a process ¼cpk gqvk vof’k"V½

     Eg. The withdrawal of residual occupying forces.

         Solved (V) to find an answer to a problem. ¼lek/kku fudkyuk½

     Eg. You can't solve anything by just running away.

         Pollutant (N) a substance that pollutes something, especially air and water ¼ प्रदूषक ½

     Eg. These gases pollute the atmosphere of towns and cities.

18.  (b) Homoepathy

         Correct spelling – Homeopathy

         Homeopathy (N) – The treatment of a disease by giving very small amounts of a dry that would cause the disease if given in large amountsHOMEOPA ¼fpfdRlk½

     Eg. Homeopathy is a medical treatment method.

         Telepathy (N) – the direct communication of thoughts or feelings from one person to another without using speech, writing, or any other normal method¼nwj&laosnu] nwj&cks>]½

     Eg. Get some rest and we’ll start with telepathy and telekinesis in the morning.

         Allopathy (N) – the treatment of disease by conventional means. (,yksiSFkh)

         Eg. He referred to conventional practice as allopathy.

         Naturopathy (N) – A method of treating illnesses or conditions using natural food. ¼izkd`frd fpfdRlk i)fr½

     Eg. Naturopathy is natural treatment method in medical science.

19.  (a)

         ‘C’ esa ‘Franco’ ,d fisherman dks introduce fd;k x;k gS ftl ckfd lHkh argument based gSaA

         vr% sequence ‘C’ ls start gksxhA

     Chronological order ls]

     A esa og all-night leqnz fdukjs stay djrk Fkk rFkk ‘B’ esa Every morning og ‘fresh fish’ dks market esa sell djrk FkkA

         vr% A-B esa Neon link gSA

     vr% option (a) CDAB correct answer gSA

20.  (a)

         Order of occurrence dks consider djus ij&

         C – John ,d big well ‘dig’ djokuk pkgrk gS Fkk

         D – og fcuk pay ds dke djus okys workers dks <wa<+rk gSA

         A – gkykafd mls dksbZ ugha feyrk gS ij og give in ¼gkj eku tkuk½ djus dks rS;kj ugha Fkk

         B – og noon rd viuh search continue djrk gSA

         vr% option (a) CDAB correct answer gSA

21.   Backward reading – I also want to be happy vk;k gSaA rFkk vkxs bldk dkj.k fn;k gS fd D;ksafd rc eSa vius lcls vPNs :i esa [email protected] gw¡A

     vr% option (b) because correct answer gSaA

     Because dk use previously said statement dk dkj.k crkus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSaA

     Eg. She is my best friend because she always stand by me when I need her the most.

         Option (a) unless o until irrelevant gSA

     Unless dk use ^’krZ* crkus ds fy, fd;k gSA

     Eg. You will not pass unless you work hard.

         Until dk use point of time/the event mentioned ds fy, ^rd* ds vFkZ esa gksrk gSaA

     Eg. Let’s wait until the rain stops.

         Option (c) nevertheless factually wrong gSA

     Nevertheless – despite something that you have just mentioned. ¼ds ckotwn] fQj Hkh½

     Eg. Our defeat was expected but it’s disappointing nevertheless.

22.   Forward reading ls] not from outside vk;k gS ;kfu happiness ckgj ls ugha vkrh rks bldk opposite vkuk pkfg,A

         vr% option (a) within correct answer gSA

     Within – Inside something/somebody ¼ds vUnj½

     Eg. Despite her grief, she found a hidden strength with in herself.

         Option (b) around ¼vkl&ikl½ factually wrong gSaA rFkk option (c) for rFkk (d) on irrelevant gSA

23.   ;gka contextually ‘powerful tools’ correct sense nsrk gSA

         vr% option (c) powerful ¼’kfDr’kkyh½ correct answer gSA

     Option (a) stable o (d) affective red-herring gSA

     Stable (adj.) – fixed or steady; not likely to move, change or fail. ¼etcwr] vVy] fVdkŽ

     Eg. The situation in the country has remained relatively stable for a few months how.

         This ladder doesn’t seem very stable.

         Affective (adj.) – connected with emotions and attitudes. ¼HkkokRed½

     Eg. Affective autonomy arises out of mutual respect relationships.

         Option (2) effortless ¼vklku] fuf"Ø;½ factually wrong gSA

24.   ‘in charge of somebody/something’ dk structure gksrk gSA

         vr% contextually option (a) charge correct answer gSA

     Charge – A position of having control over something/ somebody; responsibility for somebody/something. ¼ftEesnkjh½

     Eg. He took charge of the farm after his father's death.


         • In charge of somebody/something—

         Eg. They left the au pair in charge of the children for a week.

         • In somebody’s charge—

         Eg. I’m leaving the school in your charge.

         Option (b) frame o (d) structure irrelevant red-herring gSA

     Frame (N) – the general ideas or structure that form the background to something. ¼ ewy fopkj] <+k¡pk ½


         • In/within the frame of something—

         Eg. In this course we hope to look at literature in the frame of its social and historical content.

         Structure (N) – the state of being well organized or planned with all the parts linked together a careful plan. ¼Lo:i] foU;kl] <+k¡pk½

     Eg. Your essay needs a structure.


         basic/simple/complex structure.

         have/lack/need structure

         Structure be based on something

         Option (c) custody red-herring gSaA

     Custody (N) – the legit right or duty to take care of or keep something/somebody; the act of taking care of something/ somebody. ¼laj{k.k] j[kokyh½

     Eg. the parents were given joint custody of the two children.


         • In the custody of somebody/something—

         Eg. The castle is now in the custody of the state.


         • Child/joint/sole custody

         Ask for/claim/demand custody

         Custody battle/dispute/arrangement

25.   Blank ls igys ‘exercises’ vk;k gSA

         vr% regular/daily basis correct sense nsrk gSA

     vr% option (d) regular correct answer gSA

     On-a regular ‘basis’ dk collocation gksrk gSA

     Regular (adj.) – following a pattern especially with the same time or space in between each thing and the next. ¼fu;fer½

     Eg. The store has a lot of regular customers.

         The equipment is checked on a regular basis.

         Collocations :

         A regular heartbeat/pulse

         At regular intervals.

         Regular visits/meetings

         On a regular basis.

         A regular column.

         Option (a) stimulant o (c) legal ¼dkuwuh½ irrelevant gSA

     Stimulant (N) – A drug or substance that makes you feel more active and gives you more energy. ¼mÙkstd vkS"kf/k½

     Eg. Coffee and tea are mild stimulants.

         Stimulant (to something) – an event or activity that encourages more activity. ¼izsjd ?kVuk½

     Option (b) temporary factually wrong gSA

     Temporary (adj.) – lasting or intended to last or be used only for a short time; not permanent.(अस्थायी)

         Eg. They had to move into temporary accommodation.


         temporary workers/accommodation

         A temporary fix/measure/solution