SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 18.03.2020 (Shift-2) with detailed Solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 18.03.2020 (Shift-2) with detailed Solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 18.03.2020 (Shift-2)

 


        Direction(1-2) Identify the segment in the sentence, which contains the grammatical error.

1.    It is difficult to make out that they are twins because they do not resemble to each other.

        (a) because they do not

        (b) resemble to each other

        (c) that they are twins

        (d) It is difficult to make out

2.    Oh dear! The audio in one of the channel on television is not clear at all.

        (a) on television        (b) in one of the channel

        (c) Oh dear! The audio              (d) is not clear at all

        Direction (3-4) Select the alternative that will improve the underlined part of the sentence. In case there is no improvement select ‘No improvement’.

3.   Priya has been working in this school from June 2017.

        (a) on June 2017        (b) No improvement

        (c) since June 2017   (d) for June 2017

4.    The struggle for climate change must be prioritised given that our population is increasing and not decreasing.

        (a) could prioritise   (b) is prioritizing

        (c) No improvement                  (d) may have prioritized

        Direction (5-6) Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

5.    Earthquake inspection ______ that the two ancient buildings that remained intact after the Hiroshima bombing in Tokyo would not withstand a strong tremor.

        (a) retracted                                  (b) resumed

        (c) redirected                                (d) revealed

6.    The reporter asked the politician, “As a woman leader, what are some of the major ______ that you face?”

        (a) crunches                                   (b) crashes

        (c) challenges                                (d) contests

7.    Select the option that is the direct form of the sentence.

        Kirti asked me if I had watched the movie on television the previous night.

        (a) Kirti asked me, “Did I watched the movie on television last night?”

        (b) Kirti asked me, “You had watched the movie on television last night?”

        (c) Kirti asked me, “Did you watch the movie on television last night?”

        (d) Kirti asked me, “Had you watched the movie on television last night?”

8.    Select the option that is the passive form of the sentence.

        The batsman had hit the ball towards the boundary.

        (a) The ball is being hit towards the boundary by the batsman.

        (b) The ball is hit towards the boundary by the batsman.

        (c) The ball had been hit towards the boundary by the batsman.

        (d) The ball was hit towards the boundary by the batsman.

        Direction (9-10) Select the most appropriate meaning of the underlined idiom in the given sentence.

9.    Touch all bases

        (a) Imagine you are flying     

        (b) Stretch your hands high

        (c) Include everything

        (d) Force someone to do something

10. The police was able to find the guilty but the big fish escaped.

        (a) tall people              (b) main leaders

        (c) plump men            (d) large-sized ones

        Direction (11-12) Select the word which means the same as the group of words given.

11. Small room where dishes are washed

        (a) Scullery                                     (b) Pantry             

        (c) Ante-room             (d) Larder

12. Person or thing that is the center of attention

        (a) Politician                                  (b) Cynosure

        (c) Leader                                       (d) Organiser

        Direction (13-14) Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

13. KIT

        (a) Information          (b) Element

        (c) Equipment            (d) Particle

14. ANODYNE

        (a) Hostile                                       (b) Harmful          

        (c) Gigantic                                     (d) Benign

        Direction (15-16) Select the most appropriate ANTONYM of the given word.

15. VERSATILE

        (a) Truthful                                    (b) Insincere       

        (c) Honest                                       (d) Inflexible

16. NEBULOUS

        (a) Familiar                                    (b) Common        

        (c) Clear                         (d) Mutual

17. Select the word with the INCORRECT spelling.

        (a) Pensive                                     (b) Apprehensive            

        (c) Medetative            (d) Appended

18. Select the word with the correct spelling.

        (a) Propencity             (b) Suceptible

        (c) Impresionable     (d) Impeccable

        Direction (19-20) Given below are four jumbled sentences. Pick the option that gives their correct order.

19. A. Waqar instead gave it to Afridi, who went on to score a 37-ball century, the fastest ODI century.

        B. That was when his teammate Waqar Younis handed him over a bat that belonged to Sachin Tendulkar.

        C. When Shahid Afridi had flown in to join the Pakistan team 1996, he did not even have a proper bat to play with.

        D. Sachin had earlier gifted Waqar his bat to take to Sialkot, Pakistan’s world famous sports goods manufacturing capital and get a custom-made one replicated there.

        (a) CBDA   (b) ACBD (c) BADC     (d) DCAB

20. A. Mulla Nasruddin opened a hair-cutting salon and was ready to welcome his customers.

        B. “Mulla,” he said sheepishly, “my new wife is coming home today.”
C. “Just take out all the grey strands from my beard and make me look very young.”

        D. Being the first day, a lot of people came and among them was a man in his early fifties with a flowing beard.

        (a) BDAC   (b) DBCA (c) ADBC     (d) CDAB

        Direction (21-25):- In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India. It was originally commissioned _____(21)______ Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus _____(22)______ a simple hemispherical brick structure built _____(23)______ the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chhatri, a parasol-like _____(24)______ symbolising high rank, which was _____(25)______ to honour and shelter the relics.

21. (a) to           (b) by        (c) with (d) from

22. (a) gave     (b) were  (c) was  (d) kept

23. (a) aside    (b) into     (c) about    (d) over

24. (a) bridge                      (b) structure          

        (c) conduit                                      (d) wall

25. (a) intended                                   (b) outlined

        (c) informed                                  (d) predicted

 

 

Solutions


1.   (b) Remove ‘to’

        ‘Resemble’ ds ckn preposition ugha cfYd direct object vkrk gSA

        Resemble somebody/something — to look like or be similar to another person or thing. ¼l`n`’k gksuk] tSls yxrs gSa½

        Eg. She closely resembles her sister.

        So many hotels resemble each-other.

2.   (b) ‘Channels’ in place of ‘channel’

        One of + the/personal pronoun + plural countable nouns dk structure gksrk gSA

        Eg. She is one of my best friends.

3.   (c) since June 2017

         Sentence Present Perfect Continuous esa gSA

    rFkk vkxs fixed time ;kfu point of time fn;k gS blfy, since June 2017 vk,xkA

    vr% option (c) correct answer gSA

    Structure:

        Subject + has/have + been + Ving + Object + for/since + time

        For – period of time

        Since – point of time

        Eg. I have been working here for 1 year.

        I have been working here since 2001.

        vr% ckfd lHkh options grammatically incorrect gSA

4.   (c) No improvement

5.   (d) revealed

         ;gka inspection ¼fujh{k.k] eqvk;uk½ dh ckr gks jgh gSaA rFkk vkxs dqN resultant fact fn;k gS fd tks nks ancient buildings ‘Hiroshima Bombing’ ds ckn Hkh intact Fkh T;knk tremor dks withstand ugha dj ik,xhA

        vr% option (d) revealed correct answer gSA

    Reveal (V) – to make known or show something that is surprising or that, was previously secret. ¼izR;{k djuk] izdV djuk½

    Eg. Her biography revealed that she was not as rich as everyone thought.

        Collocations:

        Reveal a secret/the details/identity

        reveal the truth

        Structure:

        • reveal something—

        Eg. Her expression revealed nothing.

        • Reveal something to somebody—

        Eg. The doctors did not reveal the truth to him.

        • Reveal somebody/something to be/have something—

        Eg. Salted peanuts were recently revealed to be the nation’s favorite snack.

        • Reveal somebody/something as something—

        Eg. He has been revealed as a traitor.

        Option (a) retracted o (b) resumed factually wrong gSA

    Retract (V) – to say that something you have said earlier is not true or correct or that you did not mean it.

        ¼okil ysuk] R;kxuk] jk; cnyuk½

    Eg. He made a false confession which he later retracted.

        Resume (V) – If you resume an activity, or if it resumes, it begins again or continues after interrupted. ¼nqckjh izkjEHk djuk½

    Structure:

        • Resume (something)—

        Eg. She resumed her career after an interval of six years.

        • Resume doing something—

        Eg. He got back in the car and resume of driving.

        Option (c) redirected irrelevant gSA

    Redirect (V) – to use something, for example money, in a different way or for a different purpose, to send something to a different address or in a different directions.

        ¼iqu% fufnZ"V djuk( iqu% izsf"kr djuk½

    Eg. Resources are being redirected to this important new project.

        Structure:

        • Redirect something (to something)—

        Eg. Enquiries on this matter are being redirected to the press office.

        • Redirect to someone—

        Eg. That URL currently redirects to a Facebook page.

6.   (c) Face-Challenges dk collocations gksrk gSA

        vr% option (c) challenges correct answer gSA

    Challenges (N) – a new or difficult task that tests somebody’s ability and skill.

        Eg. She still faces many challenges.

        Structure:

        • Challenge of something—

        Eg. Countries need to work together to address the challenge of climate change.

        • Challenge of doing something—

        Eg. The gallery has risen to the challenge of exhibiting the works of young artists.

        • Challenge for somebody/something—

        Eg. The challenge for the government is to find a way of providing affordable housing.

        • Challenge to somebody/something—

        Eg. Digital piracy continues to pose huge challenges to the industry.

        Collocations:

        be/constitute/remain challenge

        Challenge + Verb – confront somebody/face somebody /arise

        A tough/major/significant challenge

        biggest/greatest/serious challenge

        face/present/address/meet/rise to/ pose

        challenge/the challenge

        Note: Blank ls igys major Hkh vk;k gSA

        Option (a) crunches red-herring gSA

    Crunch (N) a noise like the sound of something hard being pressed or crushed.

        Eg. The car drew up with a crunch of gravel.

        Option (c) crashes o contests irrelevant gSA

    Crash (N) – A sudden loud noise made, for example by something falling or breaking; An accident in which a vehicle hits something. ¼/kekdk] nq?kZVuk½

   Eg. The tree fell with a great crash.

        A man has been arrested in connection with a fatal crash on the M4 motorway.

        Structure:

        • In a crash—

        Eg. A girl was killed yesterday in a crash involving a stolen car.

        Collocations:

        A car/plane crash

        Horrific/major/serious/fatal crash

        Cause/have/survive a crash

        Crash-happen/occur

        Crash victim/site/landing

        Killed/died/involved in a /the crash

        Contest (N) – A competition in which people try to win something. ¼izfr;ksfxrk½

    Structure:

        • In a contest—

        Eg. She was awarded the first prize in an essay contest.

        • Contest between A and B—

        Eg. It was a close contest between two evenly matched crews.

        • Contest with somebody—

        Eg. He said (that) he had enjoyed the contest with his rival for little.

7.   (c) Kirti asked me, “Did you watch the movie on television last night?”

(a) Kirti asked me, “Did I watched the movie on television last night?”(wrong use of pronoun and reporting verb)

        (b) Kirti asked me, “You had watched the movie on television last night?”( wrong use of tense and reporting verb)

        (c) Kirti asked me, “Did you watch the movie on television last night?”

        (d) Kirti asked me, “Had you watched the movie on television last night?”( wrong use of reporting verb)

8.   (c) The ball had been hit towards the boundary by the batsman.

         fn;k x;k sentence past perfect tense esa gSA

        bldk active/passive formation—

    Active – Subject + had + V3rd + object

        Passive – Object + had + been + V3rd + by + Subject

        vr% option (c) correct answer gSaA

9.   (c) Include everything

         Touch all bases – to deal with all related details ¼lHkh ekeyksa ls fuiVus dk fooj.k½

   Eg. The bank hotels on annual meeting to touch bases with shareholders.

10.                       (b) main leaders

         The big fish – An important, successful or influential person.

        ¼,d izHkko’kkyh O;fDr½

        Eg Meeting a big fish like the company's CEO can be quite an intimidating experience for an intern.

11.        (a) Scullery

        Scullery (N) – small room where dishes are washed

        Eg. I need to hear for myself why he was in the scullery that morning.

        Pantry (N) – Store room related food.

        ¼[kkus ds lkeku dk Hk.Mkj d{k½

    Eg. They keep dried foods in pantries and keep milk, etc. in refrigerators.

        Ante-room (N) waiting room (izrh{kk d{k)

        Eg. An anteroom is a small room leading into larger room.

        Larder (N) Food storage room/cupboard

        Eg. There wasn't much food left in the larder.

12.        (b) Cynosure

        Cynosure (N) – a person of thing that is the center of attraction ¼vkd"kZd vkneh½

        Eg. Krick was the cynosure of all eyes.

        Organiser (N) a person who arranges an event or activity ¼O;oL;kid½

    Eg. The organiser can't be traced to answer the criticisms.

        Leader (N) a person who leads a group of people, especially the head of a country, an organization, etc.

    Eg. He was elected as leader of the Democratic Party.

        Politician (N) A person who is professionally involved in politics. ¼usrk] jktuhfr okyk vkneh½

    Eg. a journalist who exposed corrupt politicians

13.        (c) Equipment

        Equipment (N) – the thing that are needed for particular purpose or activity ¼fo’ks"k dk;Z ds fy, misf{kr lalk/ku½

    Eg. a useful piece of equipment for the kitchen.

        KIT (N) – a set of parts that you by and put together in order to make something ¼oLrq,a cukus esa mi;ksxh iqjtks dk lsV½

        Eg. She built the doll's house from a kit.

        Particle (N) – very small piece of something ¼cgqr NksVk va’k½

    Eg. There is a particle of truth in his statement.

        Information (N) – knowledge or facts ¼tkudkjh ;k rF;½

    Eg. A vital piece of information

        Element (N) – a necessary or typical part of something; one of several parts that something contains¼izeq[k ?kVd] va’k½

    Eg. There is often a futuristic element to her writing.

14.        (d) Benign

        Benign (adj.) kind and gentle; not hurting anybody ¼mnkj&lkSH;½

        Eg. You would never have guessed his intentions from the benign expression on his face.

        Anodyne (adj.) – A pain killing drug or medicine ¼ihM+k uk’kd½

    Eg. The doctor promised to give me a strong anodyne to relieve the throbbing in my neck.

        Hostile (adj.) – showing strong dislike; unfriendly.

        Eg. Their hostile looks showed that he was unwelcome.

        Gigantic (adj.) – extremely big ¼cgqr cM+k½

    Eg. She owns a gigantic house.

        Harmful (adj.) – causing harm ¼gkfudkjd½

    Eg. The ozone layer blocks the harmful rays from the sun.

15.        (d) Inflexible

        Inflexible (adj.) – made more suitable for a particular situation ¼vuqdwy u cuk;k tk lds½

   Eg. Once she had made up her mind, she was inflexible.

        Versatile (adj.) – able to do many different things ¼प्रतिभाशाली½

    Eg. He's a versatile actor who has played a wide variety of parts.

        Truthful (adj.) – (of a person) saying only what is true¼bZekunkj½

    Eg. Are you being completely truthful with me?

        Honest (adj.) – telling the truth (used about a person) ¼bZekunkj O;fDr½

    Eg. An honest man.

        Insincere (adj.) – Not expressing genuine feelings ¼vfo’oluh;] ykijokg½

    Eg. She flashed him an insincere smile.

16.        (c) Clear

        Clear (adj.) easy to see, hear ¼ns[kus lquus esa Li"V½

        Eg. It was clear that they were in a trap.

        Nebulous (adj.) – not clear or exact ¼vLi"V½

    Eg. Music is such a nebulous thing

        Familiar (adj.) – well known from long or close association.

        ¼tkuk igpkuk lqifjfpr½

    Eg. Their faces will be familiar to many of you.

        Mutual (adj.) – used to describe feelings that two or more people have for each other equally, or actions that affect two or more people equally. (ikjLifjd)

   Eg. A partnership based on mutual respect and understanding.

        Common (adj.) – the same in a lot of places or for a lot of people.

    ¼lkekU;] vke½

    Eg. Drinking and driving is one of the most common causes of rood accidents.

17.        (c) Medetative

        Correct spelling – Meditative

        Meditative (adj.) – thinking very deeply; involving deep thought ¼/;s;½

    Eg. She found him in a meditative mood.

        Appended (adj.) add something to the end of a written document. ¼layXu½

    Eg. The results of the survey are appended to this chapter.

        Apprehensive (adj.) feeling worried about something that you are going to do or that is going to happen. ¼Hk;Hkhr½

    Eg. He felt apprehensive about going home.

        Pensive (adj.) thinking deeply. ¼xgjkbZ ls lkspuk½

    Eg. He was pensive for a moment.

18.        (d) Impeccable

        Impeccable (adj.) – without any mistakes or faults. ¼funksZ"k] =qfVghu½

        Eg. She had an impeccable taste in clothes.

        Impresionable

        Correct spelling – Impressionable

        Impressionable (adj.) easy to influence ¼vfr laosnu’khy½

    Eg. He is in a highly impressionable state.

        Propencity

        Correct spelling – Propensity

        Propensity (N) a habit of behaving in a particular way ¼fo’ks"k izdkj izo`fÙk½

    Eg. He showed a propensity for violence.

        Susceptible (adj.)easily influenced ¼ljyrk ls izHkkfor½

   Eg. Patients with liver disease may be susceptible to infection.

19.        (a) CBDA

         ‘C’ o ‘B’ esa link gSaA

        ‘C’ esa crk;k gS fd Shahid Afridi ds ikl proper bat ugha Fkk [ksyus ds fy,A

        rFkk ‘B’ esa crk;k gS fd rc muds teammate Waqar Younis us mUgsa bat fn;k FkkA

    vr% C-B esa Neon link gSaA tks nks options (a) CBDA rFkk (b) ACBD esa gSA

    ‘C’ esa Shahid Afridi ds team Pakistan join gksus ds incident dks introduce fd;k x;k gSA ftl ij ckfd lHkh arguments based gSA vr% sequence ‘C’ ls start gksxhA

    vr% option (a) CBDA correct answer gSA

20.        (c) ADBC

         ‘A’ esa Mulla Nasiruddin ds ‘hair-cutting salon’ open djus dh ppkZ gqbZ gS ftl ij ckfd lHkh arguments based gSA

        vr% sequence ‘A’ ls start gksxhA

    Only option (c) ADBC ‘A’ ls start gSA

    ‘D’ esa being first day vk;k gSA ;kfu ¼open gksus okys fnu½ vr% A ds ckn D vk,xkA A-D esa Neon link gSaA tks dsoy ,d option (c) ADBC esa gSaA

21. Sentence past simple ds passive voice esa gSaA

    Structure – Subject + was/were + V3rd + by + Object

        Eg. I was kidnapped by a group of terrorists.

        vr% option (b) by correct answer gSA

    Option (a) to o (4) from red-herring gSA

    Commission (V) – to officially ask somebody to write, make or create something or to do a task for you. ¼fu;qDr djuk] dk;Z lkSaiuk½

    Structure:

        • Commission somebody to do something—

        Eg. She has been commissioned to write a new national anthem.

        • Commission something from somebody—

        Eg. The king commissioned portraits from foreign artists.

        Collocations:

        To commission on a study/report.

        Commissioned piece of music.

        Specially/newly/recently commissioned.

        Option (c) with irrelevant gSA

22. Blank space ds ckn noun vk;k gS ‘a hemispherical brick structure’ rFkk subject ‘nucleus’ singular gSA

        vr% option (b) was correct answer gSA

    Grammar Point:

        tc be form (is/am/are/was/were) main verb dh rjg iz;qDr gksrs gSa rks buds ckn adjective ;k noun vkrk gSA

    • Adjective vkrk gS rks og subject dh fLFkfr] euksn’kk n’kkZrk gSA

    Eg. I am very sad. ¼euksn’kk½

    I am ill ¼fLFkfr½

        • ;fn noun vkrk gS rks og subject dk Lo:i ;k form ;k og dkSu gSa* ;g n’kkZrk gSA

    Eg. I am a doctor. ¼dkSu gS½

    He has been my friend ¼Lo:i½

    Option (a) gave rFkk (d) kept irrelevant gSaA rFkk option (b) were grammatically incorrect gSA

23. ;gka Hemispherical brick structure ds Buddha ds relics ij cus gksus ds ckjs esa crk;k tk jgk gSA vr% option (d) over correct answer gSA

        Over – in or to a position higher than but not touching somebody/something; above somebody/something

        Eg. There was lamp hanging over the table.

        Aside eryc ^,d fdukjs ;k ,d rjQ*

    Eg. She pulled the curtain aside.

        vr% option (a) Aside red-herring gSA

    Into dk use fdlh LFkku ^ds Hkhrj ;k vUnj* ds vFkZ esa gksrk gSA

    Eg. Come into the house.

        The truck crashed into a parked car.

        vr% option (b) into factually wrong gSA

    About dk use ^ds lehi* ;k ^vkl&ikl* ds vFkZ esa fd;k tkrk gSA

    Eg. She’s somewhere about the office.

        vr% option (c) about red-herring gSA

24. Backward reading ls brick structure rFkk Chhatri… vk;k gS ftls Parasol like… ls describe fd;k x;k gSA

        vr% option (b) structure correct answer gSA

    Option (a) bridge ¼lsrq½ o (d) wall ¼nhokj½ irrelevant gSA

    Option (c) conduit Hkh irrelevant gSA

    Conduit (N) – a pipe, channel or tube through which liquid, gas or electrical wire can pass. ¼ufydk] okgd½

25. Forward reading ls] to honour and shelter the relics ;kfu mldk purpose ;k intention crk;k gSA vr% option (a) intended correct answer gSA D;ksafd Intend-to dk collocation Hkh gksrk gSSA

        Intend (V) – to have a plan, result or purpose in your mind when you do something. ¼vfHkizk;@bZjknk j[kuk½

        Eg. We finished later than we had intended.

        Structure :

        • Intend to do something—

        Eg. I never intended to hurt you.

        • Intend somebody/something to do something—

        Eg. The writer clearly intends his readers to identify with the main character.

        • Intend doing something—

        Eg. I don’t intend staying long.

        Option (b) outlined o (d) predicted red-herring gSA

    Outline (V) – to give a description of the main facts or points involved in something. ¼izk:i@:i&js[kk cukuk½

   Eg. He outline his plane to leave St. peters burg.

        Predict (V) – to say that something will happen in the future. ¼iwokZuqeku djuk½

    Eg. Nobody could predict the outcome.

        Option (c) Informed irrelevant gSaA

    Inform (V) – to tell somebody about something especially in an official way. ¼lwfpr djuk½

    Eg. Have the police been informed?

        Structure:

        • Inform somebody about something—

        Eg. The leaflet informs customers about healthy eating.