SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 17.03.2020 (Shift-2) with detailed Solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 17.03.2020 (Shift-2) with detailed Solutions

SSC CHSL Pre. 2019, 17.03.2020 (Shift-2)


        Direction (1-2) Select the segment in the sentence, which contains a grammatical error.

1.    This furnitures has been taken on hire for the function in the college.

        (a) on hire for the function    

        (b) been taken

        (c) in the college

        (d) This furnitures has

2.    Plenty of people likes to celebrate New Year’s eve with their family and friends.

        (a) their family and friends   

        (b) likes to celebrate

        (c) New Year’s eve with

        (d) Plenty of people

        Direction (3-4) Select the alternative that will improve the underlined part of the sentence. In case there is no improvement select ‘No improvement’.

3.    I have prepared well for the exam and am ready to answer any question.

        (a) preparing                                 (b) No improvement

        (c) will prepared        (d) may prepare

4.    Sidharth want to become a football player but needs to practice more rigorously.

        (a) No improvement                 (b) wanted becoming

        (c) wants to become                  (d) is wanting to become

        Direction (5-6) Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blank.

5.    The strong Indian batting line-up will ______ a big worry for the visiting cricket team.

        (a) pose     (b) pick    (c) place      (d) Put

6.    The minister said, “Anyone using drones will have to register them on an ______portal.”

        (a) aviation                                    (b) aeroplane

        (c) airport                                       (d) airline

7.    Select the option that is the direct form of the sentence.

        Dhiraj said that he had been to Goa the previous year also.

        (a) Dhiraj told, “I went to Goa the last year also.”

        (b) Dhiraj said, “I had been to Goa the previous year also.”

        (c) Dhiraj said, “He has been to Goa the previous year also.”

        (d) Dhiraj said, “I have been to Goa last year also.”

8.    Select the option that is the passive form of the sentence.

        We have chosen the colour of the new car we want to buy.

        (a)The colour of the new car we want to buy is being chosen by us.

        (b)The colour of the new car we want to buy had been chosen.

        (c)The colour of the new car we want to buy can be chosen by us.

        (d)The colour of the new car we want to buy has been chosen by us.

        Direction (9-10) Select the most appropriate meaning of the underlined idiom in the given sentence.

9.    His guide asked him to pull up his socks if he wanted a good rank.

        (a) dress more carefully and neatly

        (b) give attention to his appearance also

        (c) take care to be more formal

        (d) make a greater effort to improve

10. We enjoyed watching the film because it was a down–to-earth depiction of modern life.

        (a) short and meaningful       

        (b) pleasing and entertaining

        (c) fanciful and dreamlike

        (d) practical and direct

        Direction (11-12). Select the word which means the same as the group of words given.

11. Government by a king or a queen

        (a) Aristocracy           (b) Oligarchy

        (c) Monarchy                                 (d) Plutocracy

12. A vertical passageway into a mine

        (a) Canal   (b) Shaft  (c) Aisle      (d) Lobby

        Direction (13-14) Select the most appropriate synonym of the given word.

13. COVE

        (a) Hollow                     (b) Pit    (c) Crater               (d) Bay


        (a) Smooth                   (b) Clean     (c) Rush            (d) Hygienic

        Direction (15-16) Select the most appropriate antonym of the given word.

15. MEDDLE (v)

        (a)Ignore  (b)Prize   (c)Fortify   (d)Support

16.                        RUEFUL

        (a) Joyful   (b) Regretful            (c) Spicy  (d) Fragrant

        Direction (17-18) Select the word with the correct spelling.

17. (a) Piety                         (b) Certanity          

        (c) Notoreity                                 (d) Vizibility

18. (a) Contemptuous    (b) Aggressive

        (c) Biscits                      (d) Inseckts

        Direction (19-20) Given below are four jumbled sentences. Select the option that gives their correct order.

19. A. From the outer entrance itself he had noticed that there was no one inside.

        B. It was quite dark by the time Raman turned into the lane and reached the temple.

        C. On entering the main temple, he prostrated before the goddess, got up and then sat directly in front of the idol.

        D. However, an oil lamp which was burning before the idol of Kaali Ma lit up the place and he could go up the steps.

        (a)ABDC    (b)CABD  (c)BADC      (d)DBCA

20. A. A common sight now is that on the roads of Yangon antiquated cars move alongside shiny new vehicles.

        B. A newly-built highway connects Mandalay to the city of Rangoon, now called Yangon.

        C. Similarly, hurriedly constructed glass-fronted buildings stand next to old colonial structures.

        D. Yangon is fairly typical of any developing city in Asia, standing as it does at the crossroads of modernisation.

        (a) DABC   (b) ADCB (c) BDAC     (d) CDBA

        Direction (21-25) - In the following passage some words have been deleted. Fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

        The flight was packed. There were ____(21)____ parents with small children. Specifically, a three-year-old boy ____(22)____ the row in front of me ____(23)____ announcing his presence by letting ____(24)____ ear-piercing shrieks every 45 seconds. I settled ____(25)____, hoping the kid would calm down.

21. (a) most    (b) all        (c) several (d) Any

22. (a) in           (b) inside                  (c) over    (d) at

23. (a) are        (b) had     (c) were      (d) was

24. (a) across (b) leave  (c) loose     (d) Away

25. (a) out        (b) down (c) up     (d) On





1.   (d) ‘furniture’ in place of “furnitures”.

        dqN nouns ,sls gksrs gS tks dHkh Hkh plural form esa ugha j[ks tkrs gS D;ksasfd ;s uncountable gksrs gSA buds ‘end’ esa dHkh Hkh s/es yxkdj bUgsa plural ugha cuk;k tk ldrk gS ना ही bu nouns ds igys ‘a/an’ dk use gksrk gSA A tSls&

    Baggage, Luggage, Furniture, Scenery, Equipment, Clothing, Homework, Machinery, Stationery, Cutlery, Housework, Poetry, Traffic, Imaginary, Rubbish, Weather, Hair, Advice, Bread, Information etc.

        Eg. They have tied the luggage up with a rope.

        Note: bUgsa singular noun dh rjg use djus ds fy, buls igys dqN expression dk use fd;k tkrk gSA tSls&

        A lot of/plenty of/a piece of noun

        A lot of gold, a loaf of bread, a lot of poetry, a load of rubbish, a pinch of salt.

        Uses of some uncountable nouns  with a piece (etc.) of + noun

        A piece of/bit of advice

        A liter of/a gallon of petrol

        A piece of machinery

        A piece of/slice of cake

        A loaf of/slice of bread

        A piece of information

        Eg. A loaf of bread costs 70p.

              Let me give you a piece of advice.

2.   (b) ‘like’ in place of ‘likes’

        Subject (people) plural gS blfy, blds lkFk plural verb use gksxhA

        ‘likes’ singular verb gSaA

3.   (b) No improvement

        D;ksafd has/have/had ds lkFk v3rd form use gksrh gSA

4.   (c) wants to become

        ‘Sidharth’ singular subject gS blfy, blds lkFk singular verb vk,xkA

        vr% option (c) wants to become correct answer gSA

    ckfd lHkh options grammatically incorrect gSA

    Grammar point:

        ;gka dqN ,sls verb gS ftlds lkFk to V1st ;k object + to V1st dk use gksrk gSA

    Advise        Agree      Allow     Ask         beg      Cause

        Command Compel   Decide  Encourage

        Expect        Forbid    Force ¼etcwj djuk½     Get

        Hate            Help         Instruct ¼funsZ’k nsuk½    Intend

        Invite          Leave      Like        Love      Mean  Need

        Oblige         Order      Permit  Persuade          Prefer

        Recommend              Remind                 Request     Teach  Tell

        Tempt        Trouble  Want      Warn     Wish

        Eg. I want to solve this question.

        I want you to solve this question.

        I’d like to go.

        I’d like you to go.

        • uhps dqN verbs nh xbZ gS ;s verbs dHkh Hkh continuous esa ugha jgsxhA

    Agree          Appear   Belong  Believe Concern

        Consist       Contain  Depend Deserve             Deny

        Disagree    Dislike    Feel        Fit           Have  Hate

        Hear            Imagine Impress                Include       Involve

        Know          Like         Look      Love      Mean

        Matter        Measure                 Need      Owe    Own

        Prefer         Please     Promise                Possess      Realise

        Recognise Remember            See         Suppose

        Sound         Smell       Satisfy   Seem     Surprise

        Think          Taste       Went      Wish      Weigh

    Note: Feel, hear, see, smell, sound ¼vkokt vkuk½

    taste tc ;s gekjs KkusfUnz;ksa ¼vk¡[k] ukd] dku] Ropk] thHk½ vkfn dh LokHkkfod fØ;k crkrs gS rc ;s present simple form esa jgsaxs ysfdu tc ;s bu KkusfUnz;ksa ds vHkh fdlh [kkl ifjfLFkfr esa dqN nsj ds use dks bafxr djrs gSa rc ;s continuous form esa jgsaxsA

    Eg. I was smelling a flower when a bee stung my nose. ¼,d [kkl le; esa½

    Rose smells sweet. ¼LokHkkfod fØ;k½

    Running water sounds pleasant ¼LokHkkfod fØ;k½

    The car has been sounding horn for ten minutes. ¼,d [kkl le; esa½

    Have ds cgqr ls vFkZ gSa ¼le; fcrkuk] ugkuk] [kkuk] vk;kstu djuk vkfn½] ijUrq tc bldk vFkZ ^j[kuk* ;k ^gksuk* gksrk gS rc rks ;g continuous form esa use ugha gks ldrk ckfd vFkks± esa gks ldrk gSA

    Eg. Your each question has three options.

        I have ten pens.

        He has a headache.

        I am having a good time these days.

5.   (a) Pose – a worry dk collocation gksrk gSA

    vr% option (a) pose correct answer gSA

    Pose (V) – to create a threat, problem, etc. that has to be dealt with. ¼nkok djuk½

    Eg. Obesity poses real risk to health and happiness.


        To pose a threat/risk/challenge/danger/worry

        Pose problems

        To pose a hazard/obstacle/barrier

        Option (b) pick irrelevant gSA

    Pick (V) – to choose somebody/something from a group of people or things.

        Structure :

        • Pick something/somebody—

        Eg. Pick a number from one to twenty.

        • Pick somebody/something to do something—

        Eg. He has been picked to play in this week’s game.

        • Pick somebody/something for something—

        Eg. Have you been picked for the team?

        • Pick somebody/something as something—

        Eg. I was picked as the best film in the competition.

        Vocabulary point :

        Choose/select/pick/decide/opt/go for

        Choose - ;g decide djuk fd dkSulh thing/person vkidks pkfg, out of the one’s that are available.

        Eg. You choose – I can’t decide.

        Select (often passive) – fdlh group of people/things esa ls choose djuk] usually carefully.

        Eg. He was selected for the team randomly selected sample of 23 schools.

        Pick (rather informal) fdlh group ls fdlh person/thing dks choose djukA

    Eg. She picked the best cake for herself.

        Note: Choose lcls common gS out of choose, dsoy choose select or pick fcuk object ds use fd;k tk dlrk gSA Select, carefully choose djus esa rFkk pick (informal) less carefully choose djus dk action gksrk gSA

        Decide – nks ;k T;knk possibilities esa ls choose djuk

    Eg. We’re still trying to decide a venue.

        Opt – ;g choose djuk fd dksbZ particular course of action ysuk gS ;k ugha ysukA

   Eg. After graduation she opted for a career in music.

        After a lot of thought, I opted against buying a motorbike.

        Go for something (rather informal) to choose something.

        Eg. I think I’ll go for the fruit salad.

6.   (a) Backward reading ls] ‘drone use’ djus dh ckr gks jgh gSA

        Drone (N) – an air craft without a pilot, controlled from the ground, used for taking photographs, dropping bombs, delivering goods, etc. ¼pkydghu ok;q;ku½

        Eg. Drone strikes killed 20 people in rebel held areas.


        Aerial/surveillance drones.

        vr% option (a) aviation most suitable answer gSA

    Aviation (N) – the flying or operating of aircraft. ¼foekuu½

    Eg. Aviation experts expect authorities to start discussions for $2 billion-worth of business.

        Collocations :

        army/civil/military/Naval aviation

        Aviation industry/business/sector/authority

        Aviation cadet/fuel/safety/security

        Aviation system.

        Option (b) aeroplane ¼gokbZ tgkt½ o (c) airport ¼gokbZ vM~Mk½ irrelevant gSA

    Option (d) airline ¼gokbZjkLrk] gokbZ daiuh½ red-herring gSA

7.   (d)

        (a) Dhiraj told, “I went to Goa the last year also.” (wrong use of reporting verb told ‘told takes object’)

        (b) Dhiraj said, “I had been to Goa the previous year also.” (wrong use of tense and adverb)

        (c) Dhiraj said, “He has been to Goa the previous year also.” (wrong use of pronoun and adverb)

        (d) Dhiraj said, “I have been to Goa last year also.”

8.   (d)The colour of the new car we want to buy has been chosen by us.

         fn;k x;k sentence present perfect tense esa gSA bldk active/passive formation—

        Active – Subject + has/have + V3rd + Object

        Passive – Object + has/have + been + V3rd + by + Subject

        vr% option (d) correct answer gSA

9.   (d) Make a greater effort to improve

        Pull up this socks – to make an effort to improve your work or behaviour because it is not good enough. ¼csgrj cukus dh dksf’k’k djuk½

        Eg. He is going to have to pull his socks up if he wants to stay in the team.

10.        (d) Practical and direct

        Down to earth – with no illusions or pretensions, practical and realistic. ¼O;ogkfjd½

        Eg. I like to speak to people who are down to earth.

11.        (c) Monarchy

        Monarchy (N) A country that is governed by a king or queen. ¼jktk&jkuh }kjk 'kkflr ns’k½

        Eg. A new constitution was promulgated restoring constitutional monarchy.

        Plutocracy (N) – Government by the wealthy ¼/kuh ljdkj½

    Eg. It’s time we put an end to plutocracy.

        Oligarchy (N) – A small group of people having control of a country or organization. ¼,d NksVk xzqi tks fdlh ns’k] lewg dks fu;af=r djrk gSA½

    Eg. The ruling oligarchy of military man around the president. Aristocracy (N)- A state in which governing power is held by the nobility. ¼vfHktkr] mPp tkfr ds yksx½

    Eg. She married into the aristocracy.

12.        (b) Shaft

        Shaft (N) - a long, narrow passage that usually goes straight down in a building or underground, used especially for a lift or as a way of allowing air in or out

        Eg. a lift/elevator shaft

        a mineshaft

        Canal (N) - a long straight passage dug in the ground and filled with water for boats and ships to travel along; a smaller passage used for carrying water to fields, crops, etc. (ugj)

        Eg. The Panama/Suez Canal

        an irrigation canal

        Aisle (N) – a passage between the rows of seats in a church, theater, etc.

        ¼ppZ] fFk,Vj vkfn esa lhVksa ds chp dk jkLrk½

    Eg. The aisle was crammed with people.

        Lobby (N) – the area that is just inside a large building where people can meet and wait. ¼cM+s Hkou esa izrh{kk d{k½

    Eg. Davis was in the lobby when she arrived.

13.        (d) Bay

        Bay (N) - a part of the sea, or of a large lake, partly surrounded by a wide curve of the land. ([kkM+h½

        Eg. The bay of Bengal.([kkM+h½

        Cove (N) – A small sheltered bay ¼NksVh [kkM+h½

    Eg. The last fishing boats left the cove.

        Crater (N) – A large hole in the ground, the round hole at the top of volcano, or a hole in the ground similar to this. ¼tehu esa cM+k x<+k½

    Eg. The blast left a crater in the car park.

        Pit (N) – A large deep hole in the ground. ¼eSnku esa ,d cM+k x<+k½

    Eg. I do not see any risk of these pits becoming breading grounds for mosquitoes.

        Hollow (adj.) – Having a hole or empty space inside ¼[kks[kyk] iksyk½

    Eg. The hollow glass tank contains hot mercury vapour.

14.        (c) Rush

        Rush (V) – Move with urgent haste – tYnh djuk] tYnh pyuk

        Eg. Oliver rushed after her.

        Surge (adj.) – A sudden strong movement in a particular direction by a large number of people or things. ¼cgqr lkjs O;fDr;ksa dh fo’ks"k fn’kk esa meM+k iM+us dh fØ;k½

    Eg. There was a sudden surge toward the door.

        Hygienic (adj.) – Clean, without the bacteria that cause disease. ¼lkQ] LokLF;dj½

    Eg. The kitchen didn’y look very hygienic.

        Smooth (adj.) – having a completely flat surface with no lumps or holes or rough areas ¼fpduk] iwjh rjg ls lery lrr½

    Eg. Her skin feels very smooth.

        Clean (adj.) – free from dirt marks or stains ¼lkQ lqFkjk] tgka /kwy tjk Hkh u gksaA½

    Eg. The room was clean.

15.        (a) Ignore

        Ignore (V) – To give no attention to somebody, something

        ¼/;ku u nsuk@mis{kk djuk½

    Eg. He ignored her outraged question.

        Meddle (V) – Interfere in something that is not one’s concern

        ¼gLr{ksi djuk½

    Eg. I don’t want him meddling in our office.

        Support (V) – to help or encourage somebody/something by saying or showing that you agree with them/it (lgk;rk)  

        Eg. He is dependent on his father for support.

        Fortify (V) – to make a place stronger and ready for an attack.

        ¼ fdys cUnh½

    Eg. They fortified the area against attack.

        Prize (N) – Something of value that is given to somebody, who is successful in race, competition. ¼fdlh nkSM+] izfr;ksfxrk ds thr gkfly djus ij feyus okyk iq:Ldkj½

    Eg. Her invention won first prize in a nationl contest.

16.        (a) Joyful

        Joyful (adj.) – very happy ¼cgqr [kq’k½

        Eg. Awedding is a joyful celebration of love.

        Rueful (adj.) – expressing sorrow or regret, especially in a wry or humorous way. ¼i'prkih½

    Eg. He shook his head and gave me a rueful smile.

        Spicy (adj.) – flavoured with a fragrant with spice ¼elkysnkj rh[kk½

    Eg. They have a spicy flavor I find refreshing.

        Regretful (adj.) – feeling or showing regret ¼mnklh vuqHko djuk½

    Eg. He sounded regretful but pointed out that he had committed himself.

        Fragrant (adj.) – Having a pleasant or sweet smell. ¼[kq’kcq½

    Eg. The air was fragrant with the smell of orange blossoms.

17.        (a) Piety (N)- the state of having or showing a deep respect for somebody/something, especially for God and religion; the state of being

        Eg. We can't love him with just our personal piety or prayer.


        Correct spelling – Visibility

        Visibility (N) – The state of being able to see or be seen ¼n`’;rk½

    Eg. A reduction in police presence and visibility on the streets.


        Correct spelling – Certainty

        Certainty (N) – the state of being completely confident or having about something. ¼fuf’prrk½

    Eg. She knew with absolute certainty that they were dead.


        Correct spelling – Notoriety

        Notoriety (N) – the state of being famous for something bad. ¼cnuke] dq[;kr½

   Eg. The song has gained some notoriety in the press.

18.        Contemptuous

        Contemptuous (adj.) Showing contempt scornful. ¼frjLdkj iw.kZ½

        Eg. She was intolerant and contemptuous of the majority of the human race.


        Correct spelling – biscuits

        Biscuits (N) – a small, flat cake that is dry and usually sweet. ¼fcfLdV½

    Eg. We were offered a cuo of tea and some buscuits.


        Correct spelling – aggressive

        Aggressive (adj.) – ready or likely to fight or argue ¼geykoj] yM+kdw½

    Eg. He’s very uncooperative and aggressive.


        Correct spelling- insects

        Insect (N) - any small creature with six legs and a body divided into three parts. Insects usually also have wings. Ants, bees and flies are all insects.

        Eg. Most birds spend most of the day eating insects.

 19.       (c) ‘Order of occuring’ ds according—

    B – Raman temple ij igqaprk gSA

        A – Outer entrance ls og notice djrk gS fd vUnj dksbZ ugha gSA

        D – gkaykfd ,d lamp idol ds lkeus ty jgk Fkk

        C – main temple enter djus ij og goddess  ds lkeus n.Mor (Prostrate) djrk gSA

        vr% option (c) BADC correct answer gSA

20.        (c) B o D, Yangon common factor gSA

        ‘B’ esa ,d Newly-built highway dks introduce fd;k x;k gSA vr% sequence ‘B’ ls start gksxhA ;g Highway Mandalay dks Rangoon now called Yangon ls tksM+rk gSA

        rFkk ‘D’ esa Yangon dks describe fd;k x;k gS vr% B-D esa Neon-link gSA

    Only option (c) BDAC esa gSA

21. Blank space ds ckn ‘parents’ vk;k gSA rFkk flight dh ckr gks jgh gSA Option (1) most o (2) all factually wrong gSA

    Most – the largest in number or amount, more than half or almost all of somebody/something. ¼lokZf/kd] vf/kdre] yxHkx½

    Eg. I like most vegetables.

        Option (4) Any irrelevant gSA

    Any - uncountable ;k plural nouns ds lkFk negative sentences and questions esa use fd;k tkrk gSA

    Eg. I didn’t eat any meat.

        Are there any stamps.

        Grammar point :

        • If ;k whether ds ckn any dk use fd;k tkrk gSA

    Eg. She asked if we had any questions.

        • dqN verbs tSls& prevent, ban, forbid without etc. ds ckn fdlh thing dh amount ;k number dks refer djus esa fd;k tkrk gSA pkgs small gks ;k large.

        Eg. He forbid any talking in class.

        vr% option (d) several, most suitable answer gSA

   Several – more than two but not very many. ¼vusd] dbZ½

    Eg. Several latters arrived this morning.

22. ‘In the raw’ ,d Idiom gSA

        In the raw – In a plain and honest way, with nothing hidden, naked.

        Eg. He spent a couple of months on the streets to experience life in the raw.

        He likes to walk around the house in the raw.

        pwafd forward reading ls irk pyrk gS fd og cPpk gj 45 seconds esa ph[k jgk FkkA vkSj cPpk bruk NksVk Fkk (three years old) fd og naked FkkA

    vr% option (a) in, correct answer gSA

    ckfd lHkh options (inside, over, at) irrelevant gSA

23. fn;k x;k passage past tense esa gSA vr% option (a) are grammatically incorrect gSA

        Option (b) had Hkh grammatically incorrect gS D;ksafd has/have/had ds ckn ges’kk V3rd vkrh gSA tcfd Blank space ds ckn Ving vkbZ gSA

        pwafd subject boy (a three year old) gS tks fd singular gS vr% singular verb ‘was’ vk,xhA option (d) was correct answer gSA

    Option (c) were grammatically incorrect gSA

24. ‘let loose something’ ,d Idiom gSA

        Let loose something – to make a noise or remark, especially in a loud or sudden way. ¼vpkud rFkk tksj ls 'kksj ;k djuk½

        Eg. She let loose a stream of abuse.

        vr% option (3) loose correct answer gSA

    ckfd lHkh options irrelevant gSA

25. Settle down ,d phrasal verb gSA

        Settle down – to get into a comfortable position, either sitting or lying. ¼vkjke ls cSBuh ;k ysVuk½

        Eg. She settled down in an arm chair to watch television.

        vr% option (b) down correct answer gSA

    Option (1) out rFkk (3) up, (4) on irrelevant gSA

    Settle on (phrasal verb) – to choose or make a decision about something after thinking about it. ¼fopkj djuk½

    Eg. Have you settled on a name for the baby yet?